Brussels Agreement 2013

Paragraphs 7 to 9 concern police and security structures and provide for the establishment of a police force called the „Kosovo Police“ for the whole of Kosovo, including its northern parts. Paragraph 11 provides that municipal elections shall be held throughout Kosovo in accordance with Kosovar legislation. Paragraph 12 provides for the establishment of an implementation plan and sets a date (elapsed in the meantime) for the completion of the plan. Paragraph 13 commits to intensify discussions on energy and telecommunications. According to paragraph 14, „neither side will block the other side`s progress in their respective EU tracks or encourage others to block it.“ Paragraph 15 provides for the establishment of an implementation committee with the assistance of the EU. Of course, some uncertainties remain about the implementation of the agreement, which has yet to be ratified in both capitals. Representatives of Kosovo Serbs immediately called for a demonstration in northern Mitrovica on 22 April to fight against the agreement. But its political and symbolic significance cannot be nullified, even if Belgrade still formally refuses to recognize Kosovo. Since July 2010, when the International Court of Justice concluded that the unilateral declaration of independence in 2008 was legal, Serbia had no real way of calling into question the status of its former province. Arrangements were made in October 2013 to allow Serb officials to travel to northern Kosovo. [14] It was agreed that Kosovo`s electoral authorities would receive representatives of Kosovo Serbs[15] and that the +383 international primary would be allocated to Kosovo.

[16] The new code was due to enter into force at the end of 2015, but it was further postponed to March 2016 by Serbia.